The Ad hoc Interagency Coordination Group (IACG) on Antimicrobial Resistance was convened by the UN Secretary-General in March 2017 in consultation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the World Health Organization (WHO) following a call for its creation in the 2016 Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting on Antimicrobial Resistance (Resolution A/RES/71/3). The IACG’s mandate is to provide practical guidance for approaches needed to ensure sustained effective global action to address antimicrobial resistance. The terms of reference for the IACG include to promote, plan and facilitate collaborative action, to align activities so gaps are closed, and resources are optimally utilised, to explore the feasibility of developing global goals and targets related to antimicrobial resistance, and to report back to the UN Secretary-General by the 73rd General Assembly in 2019.
The IACG has analysed critical issues in the response to antimicrobial resistance with the aim of informing its report and recommendations. In 2018, it developed discussion papers for public consultation in six thematic areas: 1) public awareness, behaviour change, and communication; 2) National Action Plans on Antimicrobial Resistance; 3) optimising use of antimicrobials; 4) innovation, research, development, and access; 5) surveillance and monitoring and 6) global governance and alignment with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To guide its activities, the IACG developed a work plan and an IACG Framework for Action on Antimicrobial Resistance that describes key content areas and relevant levers to address them, building on the political declaration, the Global Action Plan and the SDGs. Feedback obtained from a public consultation process between June and August 2018 and other stakeholder engagement activities including consultation with Member States have informed the development of the draft IACG recommendations.